Jewish Heritage in Spain and Portugal

Zamora (W)


According to legend, Zamora was founded by Jews as long ago as the 6th century B.C.E.  The truth is that in medieval times the city was home to one of the most flourishing Jewish communities on the Iberian Peninsula.  It is said that Jews even helped to build the walls surrounding the city, an affirmation that is evidenced by Hebrew letters carved into some of its stones.

In1391 the massacres that took place in Andalusia and Aragon caused many Jewish refugees to flee to the province of Zamora; there were so many that a new Jewish quarter was built there.  The population was so great that as many as 30,000 Jews fled Zamora after the Expulsion Edict of 1492.

The city itself is known as a “museum of Romanesque art”.  With a population of fewer than 70,000, it boasts the greatest number of Romanesque buildings and other structures in Europe, including 24 churches, a cathedral, a castle, a bridge, and the walls of the city, all built between the 11th and 13th centuries. 

More about Zamora

Jewish Zamora